As we proceed to attempt 100% dependence on renewable energy resources, new and progressive methods to handle the transition are gaining more importance. The Internet of Things (IoT) has already allowed for the optimization of current energy infrastructure by automating applied sciences and decreasing inefficiencies within the generation, transmission, and utilization of power.
Given the variability and seasonal availability of daylight and wind especially, doubt has been forged on the ability of a renewable energy resource to concurrently meet the standards of being low-cost, bright, and dependable—the “energy trilemma.”
In a current article in Global Challenges, Dr. Mario Pagliaro and Dr. Francesco Meneguzzo of the Nationwide Analysis Council of Italy (CNR) present that the “Web of Power” method will be tailored to realize power self-sufficiency based mostly on clear vitality, that’s autonomous off-grid operation.
Off-Grid photovoltaic energy methods that couple lithium-ion batteries and photovoltaic (PV) modules at the moment exist and ship electricity to significant elements of Africa, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Latin America, Nepal, Vietnam as well as several other countries where the grid doesn’t exist. This coup has been made attainable by digital management technology.
In Pemberton, Australia, an avocado plantation depends solely on self-generated photovoltaic power by using sodium- and lithium-ion battery system coupled with a revolutionary battery optimization technology. This know-how permits for the detection and correction of variations within the voltage of every particular person cell and has considerably elevated the service lifetime of the battery. Moreover, any extra energy that’s generated when the battery is wholly charged is used to offer hot water to the power.
In one other instance, a corporate housing firm in Sweden, Vårgårda Bostäder, has designed completely self-powered properties utilizing hydrogen gas cells and photovoltaic PV modules (linked web page in Swedish). Throughout the summer season months, extra electricity is transformed into hydrogen through a water electrolyzer. Fuel cells then use this generated hydrogen together with oxygen from the air to supply electrical energy and warmth in the wintertime, at night, and on cloudy days.