Mr. Molina, who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995, is widely regarded as the driving force behind the international effort to protect the ozone layer.
On March 19, 2023, Google displayed a colorful doodle honoring Dr. Mario Molina, a renowned Mexican chemist, on his 80th birthday. Mr. Molina, who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995, is widely regarded as the driving force behind the international effort to protect the ozone layer.
The ozone layer is essential for safeguarding humans, plants, and animals from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays, and he was one of the researchers that uncovered this fact. Mario Molina’s birth date is March 19, 1943, in Mexico City.
As a young boy, he was so interested in science that he converted his bathtub into an introductory lab. Google remarked that nothing could match the excitement of seeing a microbe float across the lens of his toy microscope.
Dr. Molina wrote a biography on the Nobel site-
”I was already fascinated by science before entering high school. I still remember my excitement when I first glanced at paramecia and amoebae through a rather primitive toy microscope.”
Following that, he received a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from Mexico’s National Autonomous University and a master’s degree from the Germany’s University of Freiburg. His academic career culminated in postdoctoral work at the University of California, Berkeley, and then at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States.
Dr. Molina’s interest in the effects of artificial substances on Earth’s biosphere dates back to the early 1970s. He discovered chlorofluorocarbons depleted the ozone layer and exposed Earth’s surface to harmful UV rays. After publishing his findings in Nature, he and his coworkers were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995 for their work.
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The Montreal Protocol, an international convention, successfully restricted the manufacturing of roughly one hundred substances known to deplete the ozone layer based on the research that laid the groundwork for the protocol. Dr. Molina received the highest civilian honor in the United States in 2013 when President Obama presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
On October 7, 2020, at 77, Dr. Molina died from a heart attack. A prominent Mexican research center named after him, the Mario Molina Center, continues its efforts to make the world a better, more sustainable place.