Severa leading states resisted stress Sunday to improve efforts to fight global warming as a U.N. climate summit ground to a close, angering smaller nations and a rising protest movement that’s pushing for emergency action.
The COP25 talks in Madrid had been viewed as a test of governments’ collective will to notice the advice of scientists to cut greenhouse gas emissions more quickly, to stop growing global temperatures from hitting constant tipping points.
However, the conference, in its concluding draft, confirmed a declaration on the “urgent need” to close the difference between existing emissions obligations and the temperature objectives of the landmark 2015 Paris climate agreement – an outcome U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called bitter.
Many developing nations and campaigners had wanted to see way more explicit language spelling out the importance of nations submitting more daring commitments on emissions as the Paris process enters a vital implementation phase next year.
Australia, Brazil, China, Saudi Arabia, and the U.S. had led resistance to more daring action, officials said.
The lack of a robust outcome to reinforce the Paris agreement raises the stakes for the next big climate summit, in Glasgow in November 2020. As hosts, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s administration faces the task of persuading nations to submit more bold plans to cut emissions.
The Madrid summit had been due to end at the two-week mark Friday, however, it ran on for two more days – an extended delay even by the standards of usually torturous climate summits.